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Friday, July 31, 2009

Influenza A(H1N1) outbreak: No postponement of school exams


KUALA LUMPUR: The Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR), Penilaian Menengah Rendah (PMR), Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) and Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia (STPM) examinations will not be postponed despite the spread of Influenza A(H1N1).

Director-general of Education Tan Sri Alimuddin Mohd Dom said all national school examinations including UPSR in September would proceed and held in hospitals if necessary.

"We can't change the examinations dates as we like. Candidates under treatment will have to sit for examinations in hospitals or in schools without the presence of non-candidate students," he told Bernama here today.

Alimuddin said the Education Department would discuss with the Health Ministry and National Security Council soon on the best way to conduct the examinations.

Ten primary and secondary schools nationwide were closed for one week to contain the spread of the H1N1 virus.

"H1N1 preventive tools like mouth and nose masks, germicides and thermometers will be distributed to all schools soon to check the spread of the virus," he said.

The UPSR would be held from Sept 8-10, PMR from Oct 7-9, SPM from Nov 19-Dec 16 and STPM from Nov 18-Dec 10. - BERNAMA

NST Online : http://www.nst.com.my/Current_News/NST/articles/20090729182815/Article/index_html

The Star - H1N1 cases

Friday July 31, 2009

36 more influenza A (H1N1) cases recorded in the country


PETALING JAYA: There are 36 new influenza A (H1N1) cases in the country, and all are local transmissions.

Health director-general Tan Sri Dr Ismail Merican said 32 were from seven new clusters while three cases were from SM Agama Kota Kinabalu.

“The remaining sporadic case is a 22-year-old woman who has been admitted to the Sungai Buloh Hospital. She had fever a week ago and tested positive for the flu after a throat swab was taken,” he said in a statement on the ministry’s website yesterday.

As of yesterday, the total number of cases stood at 1,302 and 98% of the patients have recovered, while 1%, or 19 patients, were undergoing anti-viral treatment in hospitals. No new deaths were recorded.

“Another 1%, or 11 patients, are being treated in their respective houses,” he said.

The seven new clusters include SM Khir Johari in Beranang, SM Teknik in Sepang, Sekolah Seri Cahaya in Shah Alam and SK Serendah.

Dr Ismail said the ministry was confident that the influenza would be contained with co-operation from all parties.

In Ipoh, the Perak government confirmed 45 cases, with more institutions of learning being closed.

State Health Committee chairman Datuk Dr Mah Hang Soon there were 2,589 influenza-like illness (ILI) cases in the state.

Two other institutions of learning closed on Wednesday were SMK Gerik and the Jiwa Murni National Training Camp in Kerian.

Other institutions closed were the Tangkas Kendiri PLKN camp in Sauk, SMK Agama Bidor, SMK Lasah Sungai Siput and the Royal Malaysian Navy KD Pelandok training centre in Lumut,

In Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Health and Medical Services Department director Dr Yusof Ibrahim said 10 schools have been temporarily closed after some of their students tested positive for the A (H1N1) virus.

Among the latest were the SK Stella Marris Primary School in Tanjung Aru and Yu Yuan Secondary School in Sandakan.

In Pahang, three schools — SM Abdul Rahman Talib in Kuantan, SM Sains Tengku Abdullah in Raub and SM Clifford in Kuala Lipis — have been closed for a week from today.

In Penang, the number of places closed has risen to 19.

The three more places ordered closed for a week from yesterday were the Tuanku Bainun Teachers Training College in Bukit Mertajam, SMK Permatang Pasir in central Seberang Prai and the Al Iqan religious school in Teluk Kumbar.

The Star : http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/7/31/nation/4428170&sec=nation

Thursday, July 23, 2009

influenza A(H1N1) or Swine Flu

"It’s true that you can’t get swine flu from eating cooked pork, and the disease is now passing from human to human. But the virus’s genetic signature does suggest that it originated in pigs."

By Jacob Goldstein

Not surprisingly, pork companies aren’t so keen on the term “swine flu.”

It’s true that you can’t get swine flu from eating cooked pork, and the disease is now passing from human to human. But the virus’s genetic signature does suggest that it originated in pigs.

President Obama and other federal officials this morning referred to the disease as the “H1N1 flu virus” Here’s what that means.

All flu viruses — human, bird, pig — have an “H” and an “N” in the name, each followed by a number (the avian flu strain that has been worrying people is H5N1, for example).

The letters refer to two proteins (hemagglutinin and neuraminidase) on the surface of the virus. The numbers refer to slight variations in the form of each protein. The variations are important, because our immune system hones in on those proteins to attack the virus.

As it turns out, human strains of H1N1 flu are also pretty common. In fact, the vaccine used for the flu season that’s just ending protected against a strain of human H1N1 virus. But unfortunately, because of differences between the human and swine versions of the flu, the human vaccine doesn’t appear to protect against swine H1N1.

Update, April 30: The WHO now says it will refer to the virus as influenza A(H1N1).

From site : http://blogs.wsj.com/health/2009/04/29/swine-flu-h1n1-whats-in-a-name/

More Info : -
Related site : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H1N1

Tuesday, July 21, 2009

The Candles and Their Symbolism

Lit candles and Icon lamps (lampadas) have a special symbolic meaning in the Christian Church, and no Christian service can be held without them. In the Old Testament, when the first temple of God was built on earth the Tabernacle services were held in it with lamps as the Lord Himself had ordained (Ex. 40:5, 25). Following the example of the Old Testament Church, the lighting of candles and of lampadas was without fail included in the New Testament Church's services.

The Acts of the Apostles mentions the lighting of lamps during the services in the time of the Apostles. Thus, in Troas, where Christ's followers used to gather on the first day of the week (Sunday) to break bread, that is, to celebrate the Eucharist, there were many lights in the upper chamber (Acts 20:8). This reference to the large number of lamps signifies that they were not used simply for lighting, but for their spiritual significance.

The early Christian ritual of carrying a lamp into the evening service led to the present-day order of Vespers with its entry and the singing of the ancient hymn, O Jesus Christ, the Joyful Light..., which expresses the Christian teaching of spiritual light that illumines man of Christ the Source of the grace-bestowing light. The order of the morning service of Matins is also linked to the idea of the Uncreated Light of Christ, manifested in His Incarnation and Resurrection.

The Fathers of the Church also witnessed to the spiritual significance of candles. In the 2nd Century, Tertullian wrote: We never hold a service without candles, yet we use them not just to dispel night's gloom we also hold our services in daylight but in order to represent by this Christ, the Uncreated Light, without Worn we would in broad daylight wander as if lost in darkness [ Works, 3rd ed., Kiev, 1915, p.76]. The Blessed Jerome wrote in the 4th Century that In all the Eastern Churches, candles are lit even in the daytime when one is to read the Gospels, in truth not to dispel the darkness, but as a sign of joy...in order under that factual light to feel that Light of which we read in the Psalms (119:105): Thy word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path [Works, part IV, 2nd ed., Kiev, 1900, pp.301-302].

St. Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem, wrote in the 7th Century: Lampadas and candles represent the Eternal Light, and also the light which shines from the righteous [Writings of the Holy Fathers..., St. Petersburg, 1855, Vol. I, p.270]. The Holy Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council decreed that in the Orthodox Church, the holy Icons and relics, the Cross of Christ, and the Holy gospel were to be honored by censing and the lighting of candles; and the Blessed Simeon of Thessalonica (15th Century) wrote that candles are also lit before the Icons of the Saints, for the sake of their good deeds that shine in this world [Works, Moscow, 1916, p. 108].

Orthodox faithful light candles before the Icons as a sign of their faith and hope in God's help that is always sent to all who turn to Him and His Saints with faith and prayers. The candle is also a symbol of our burning and grateful love for God. During the reading of the Twelve Passion Gospel at Holy Friday Matins, the faithful hold candles, re-living our Lord's sufferings and burning with love for Him. It is an ancient custom of Russian Orthodox Christians to take home a lit candle from this Service and to make the Sign of the Cross with it on their doors in remembrance of Our Lord's sufferings and as protection against evil.

At Vespers on Holy Friday, when the Plashchanitsa (Epitaphion) is borne out of the Altar and also during the Lamentation Matins of Holy Saturday, the faithful stand holding lit candles as a sign of love for Christ Crucified and Dead, showing their faith in His radiant Resurrection. On Pascha itself, from the moment of the procession around the church, in memory of the Myrrh-bearers who proceeded with burning lamps to the sepulcher of the Lord, the faithful hold lit candles in their hands until the end of the Paschal Service, expressing their great joy and spiritual triumph

Since ancient times, at hierarchical services special candle-holders have been used. The faithful reverently bow their heads when blessed by the Bishop with the dikeri, representing the two natures of Christ His Divinity and His humanity, and the trikeri, representing the Holy Trinity. Candles are also lit during the celebration of the Holy Eucharist.

Holy Baptism is celebrated with the Priest fully vested and all the candles lit. Three candles are lit before the baptismal font as a sign that the Baptism is accomplished in the Name of the Holy Trinity; and the person to be baptized (if an adult) and the sponsors hold lit candles in their hands during the procession around the font as an expression of joy at the entry of a new member into the Church of Christ.

At the betrothal ceremony, the Priest hands the bride and bridegroom lit candles before they enter the church to receive the Sacrament of Matrimony, throughout which they hold the lit candles as a symbol of their profound love for each other and of their desire to live with the blessing of the Church. At the Sacrament of Holy Unction, seven candles are lit around the vessel of Holy Oil as a sign of the grace-bestowing action of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit. And when the body of a deceased person is brought in the church, four candles are placed about the coffin to form a cross to show that the deceased was a Christian. During the Funeral service, as well as Memorial services, the faithful stand with lit candles as a sign that the deceased's soul has left this world and entered the Kingdom of Heaven the Unwaning Light of God.

During the Vespers portion of the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, the Priest blesses the congregation with a lit candle and censer, proclaiming, The Light of Christ illumines all! On the Eve of the Nativity of Christ and the Theophany, a lit candle is placed before the festal Icon in the middle of the church to remind us of the birth and appearance on earth of Christ Our Savior, the Giver of Light. At all Divine Liturgies, lit candles are carried in procession at various parts of the service.

Thus candles and lampadas are lit at all Church services, all with a wide variety of spiritual and symbolic meanings; for it is God Who said, Let light shine out of darkness, [and] Who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ (1 Cor. 4:6). So too, lit candles in the church are also an expression of the worshippers' adoration and love for God, their sacrifices to Him, and at the same time of their joy and of the spiritual triumph of the Church. The candles, by their burning, remind one of the Unwaning Light which in the Kingdom of Heaven makes glad the souls of the righteous who have pleased God.


Excerpt taken from "These Truths We Hold - The Holy Orthodox Church: Her Life and Teachings". Compiled and Edited by A Monk of St. Tikhon's Monastery. Copyright 1986 by the St. Tikhon's Seminary Press, South Canaan, Pennsylvania 18459.


Monday, July 20, 2009

The Spiritual Significance of Candles Pt.2

Candles have long been used for various spiritual purposes by people of many different religions and spiritual beliefs. Used in rituals, ceremonies, during prayer or meditation, the flickering light of a candle flame can raise spiritual energy or help to bring about a sense of calm and peace. Although many different beliefs incorporate the use of candles in their spiritual practices, the symbolism of the candles can vary.

For instance in Judaism represents the soul and the care which should be taken lest the flame of a person’s soul is extinguished. Candles are used for many Jewish ceremonies such as during each night of Chanukah and traditionally at the end of Sabbath each week when a braided Havdallah candle is lit.

In Catholicism, candles are lit to pray for a specific intention or to show devotion. Candles are also lit during Mass and the flame symbolizes the divinity of Christ. In Buddhism the light of a candle flame represents the teachings of Buddha and in Hinduism candle light typically symbolizes spiritual enlightenment.

In Unitarian Universalism one common ritual is the lighting of “Candles of Joy and Concern.” During this time, congregation members are invited to light a candle at the altar and share concerns, celebrate a personal joy or ask for prayers from the community.

People who follow certain Pagan beliefs such as Wicca will use a candle to absorb their personal energy and release it with the flame of the candle. This can be done for various purposes such as a healing or protection ritual.

Candles are also used during meditation to help create an atmosphere of peace, as a visual focal point or to as a way to heighten spiritual energy.

As you can see, the light of a candle flame can represent many different things, depending upon one’s belief. But for the most part it symbolizes spirit, divinity, truth, devotion or a way in which one can connect with a higher power.

From : ElizabethFarrell
Published in : Spiritual Journeys

from this site : http://www.lestout.com/article/religion-spirituality/spiritual-journeys/spiritual-significance-candles.html

The Religious Significance of Candles

i found this over the internet

The candle is a very powerful symbol in human consciousness. There is something about that tiny point of light, flickering, existing and resisting a world that is dark and empty, which speaks to the deepest part of the human soul. This is one of the reasons that candles have such a profound significance in so many disparate religions throughout the world.


The candle is a powerful symbol in Judaism, and one is lit every Friday night to celebrate the beginning of the weekly Sabbath. On Saturday evening, a Havdalah candle is lit to mark the end of the Sabbath. Candles are also used in the Chanukah ceremony, where a candle is lit every evening for eight nights, to commemorate the candle which miraculously burned for eight days, when the Jews recovered their temple from the Greek / Persian Invaders. For the Jewish people, the candles flame represents the ever burning flame of the divine being.

In Judaism a candle is also used to commemorate those who have passed away, and they are often lit to commemorate a loved one, or those who died tragically, such as in the holocaust.


In Christianity the candle is used for both religious and decorative purposes. In its decorative function, it is a representation of the Creators light, or specifically the light of Jesus. For this reason you will often find a candle lit and placed on an alter. Ritually, candles are often lit and placed in front of pictures of icons in the orthodox tradition. A votive candle may also be lit to accompany prayer. Some churches also use a Paschal candle which represents Jesus, and is only lit on Easter and other very special occasions.


In Buddhism, candles are often placed in front of statues of the Buddha along with food or drink as a sign of respect. Symbolically they represent the light of the Buddha's teaching and the enlightenment they added to the world.


In the Hindu tradition a diya, or clay lamp, is a very important part of any religious ritual. The lamp holds the candle during the ceremony, and acts as a symbol of prosperity and enlightenment. Every year they also celebrate Diwali which is also known as the festival of light. On this holiday lamps are lit to symbolize life and hope and the conquest of good over evil.

The symbolic nature of a candle gives it significance in many of the world's major religions. Whether it symbolizes the supreme creator, or the hope of mankind, its flickering light is an inspiration to many who behold its glow.

This article brought to you courtesy of PebbleZ's Natural Candle Decor

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jim_Slate
this is the place that i share my curiosity. i guess it might be easy for me to blog it so it can be archive. if there anything that i miss on the articles that i found just leave your comment.

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